Thèse soutenue
Publié le 14 mai 2019 | Mis à jour le 4 novembre 2021

Scheduling independent tasks under budget and time constraints

Yiqin Gao

Thèse sous la direction de : Frédéric Vivien, INRIA, ENS de Lyon Discipline : Informatique

La thèse - document

This work introduces scheduling strategies to maximize the expected number of independent tasks that can be executed on a cloud platform within a given budget and under a deadline constraint. The cloud platform is composed of several types of virtual machines (VMs), where each type has a unit execution cost that depends upon its characteristics. The amount of budget spent during the execution of a task on a given VM is the product of its execution length by the unit execution cost of that VM. The execution length of tasks follow an exponential, uniform or lognormal probability distribution whose mean and standard deviation both depend upon the VM type. Finally, there is a global available budget and a deadline constraint, and the goal is to successfully execute as many tasks as possible before the deadline is reached or the budget is exhausted (whichever comes first). On each VM, the scheduler can decide at any instant to interrupt the execution of a (long) running task and to launch a new one, but the budget already spent for the interrupted task is lost. The main questions are which VMs to enroll, and whether and when to interrupt tasks that have been executing for some time. We assess the complexity of the problem by showing its NP-completeness and providing a 2-approximation for the asymptotic case where budget and deadline both tends to infinity. We introduce several heuristics and compare their performance by running an extensive set of simulations.